The industrial revolution begins more or less with the death of George the second and the accession to the throne of George political and economic events that contributed to the slow decline of the classical values and to the awakening of romantic ideals.
The people had to adapt to a new life in the town. The 2 main political events of the age were the American and the F.R., although without affecting the way of living in the island. The I.R. transformed England from an agricultural into an industrial country. Agriculture had already been radically changed with the Enclosure Acts. The Enclosure Acts forced many people living in the country to leave their big houses in contact with nature to go to little horrible houses of the town. In the last years of the 18th century Watt patented his steam engine, and there were a lot of other inventions. This inventions destroyed old domestic weaving and spinning systems. The new energy is made thanks to coal, so manufacture gravitated towards the coal and iron mines in Yorkshire, Lancashire, South Wales. Industrial towns arose near river courses to be able to create energy thanks to power of the steam and to wash away all the rubbish. Poor people migrated to industrial town to the working districts, which brought many evils in the first period, i.e.(cioè) overpopulation and lack of the most elementary principles of sanitation in factory and houses. People worked in factory up to 15/16 hours a day, insufficiently paid, to the limits of physical endurance. The loss green opens spaces and the passage to the slums and industries led to depression many country people, who in despair, turned to alcohol.